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Physical Agents in Rehabilitation Module 3: Electrical Currents and Hydrotherapy
Discipline(s): Physical Therapy / Occupational Therapy
Contact Hours: 10
Registration Fee: $159
1. Define resting membrane potential.
2. Recognize short pulses and low-current amplitudes are used for sensory
stimulation, and longer pulses and higher amplitudes are used for motor
3. Recognize length of pulse time required to produce contractions in denervated
4. Differentiate between physiological muscle contractions and electrically
stimulated muscle contractions.
5. Recognize to increase strength, higher force contractions should be used and
to increase endurance, prolonged stimulation with lower-force contractions
should be used.
6. Identify 3 types of TENS.
7. Recognize type of electrode to be used for inflamed or infected wounds and
for wounds with no inflammation.
8. Recognize 2 recommended parameter settings for electrical stimulation for
9. Identify polarity requirements for the application of iontophoresis.
10. Recognize 4 contraindications for the use of electrical currents.
11. Recognize that electrodes should not be placed directly over bony
12. Define buoyancy.
13. Identify 4 musculoskeletal effects of hydrotherapy.
14. Recognize perceived exertion rather than heart rate should be used to guide
exercise intensity when a patient exercises in water.
15. Recognize renal effects with individual immersion in water up to the neck.
16. Recognize how water rehabilitation programs should be designed and their
relationship to compensatory motions.
17. Identify psi levels for non-immersion irrigation devices to remove debris.
18. Recognize 2 contraindications for the use of local immersion forms of
19. Recognize 6 contraindications for the use of negative pressure wound therapy.
20. Recognize temperature requirements for whirlpool if the water is being used
solely as a medium for exercise.
21. Recognize exercise pool water temperature parameters.
22. Recognize 3 precautions for infection control for hydrotherapy and whirlpool
23. Define joint distraction.
24. Recognize traction is most effective when applied soon after discal injury.
25. Identify 5 contraindications for the use of traction.
26. Identify 2 precautions for the use of cervical traction.
27. Recognize over-the-door cervical traction devices can be used for static cervical traction only.
28. Identify 5 disadvantages of mechanical traction.
29. Identify the starting traction force to the lumbar spine.
30. Identify the starting traction force to the cervical spine.
Occupational Therapists, Occupational Therapy Assistants, Physical Therapists, Physical Therapist Assistants and Athletic Trainers
Chapter 8: Electrical Currents
Chapter 9: Hydrotherapy
Chapter 10: Traction
By Michelle H. Cameron, MD, PT, OCS
This course utilizes text from the soft cover textbook by Michelle Cameron “Physical Agents in Rehabilitation” ©2009. This third edition presents a variety of treatment choices supported by the latest clinical research. This valuable resource details the most up-to-date information on thermal agents, ultrasound, electrical currents, hydroptherapy, traction, compression, lasers and other forms of electromagnetic radiation, and provides straightforward, full-color explanations that make it easy to integrate physical agents into your patients’ overall rehabilitation plans.
Dates and Locations
01-31-2020 - 01-31-2020, 12:00AM 12:00AM